The original works of calligraphy and painting need to be natural, smooth and changeable, the composition structure needs to be surprisingly reasonable, the artistic conception is far-reaching, the content should be full, the inscription should be clear, and the seal should be clear. The characteristics of the times and personal style are real and reliable, and they are also an important basis for distinguishing fake calligraphy and painting.
Due to many differences in economic development, cultural conditions, political systems, customs, living standards and major historical events in different times, the acquisition of celebrity calligraphy and painting has formed a unique historical background and historical mark in different times. This historical background and mark determine that at the same time, the overall framework of contemporary art creation also reflects the aesthetic orientation of most people at that time, which is a special sign obviously different from other times. "Song and dance" and "Golden Horse" in history; The "Anti Japanese War" and the "Cultural Revolution" have completely different characteristics of the times. Paper, silk and other important carriers of calligraphy and painting also store a lot of flavor of the times, which is also one of the basis for dating. In ancient China, silk fabrics were used for calligraphy and painting earlier than paper. At present, the earliest calligraphy and painting works can be seen are silk paintings of the Han Dynasty. According to relevant records, raw silk was used before the Tang Dynasty and cooked silk was used in the Tang Dynasty. The application of celebrity calligraphy and painting seals in calligraphy and painting is clear. Before the Song Dynasty, there were few inscriptions, postscripts and seals on calligraphy and painting works. At the beginning of printing in the Song Dynasty, the watermark ink was used. It has been observed that it has been dark so far. Later, there was a honey seal, but it didn't last long. Mimeograph appeared in the Ming Dynasty and has been used today. Some have their own characteristics that can help identify. A section of calligraphy and painting appeared as early as the Yuan Dynasty, but letters and posts were much earlier. The writing forms and appellations of a period in the yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties were also different. There were a large number of preface and postscript after the yuan and Ming Dynasties. The acquisition of the content and identity of celebrity calligraphy and painting may play an important role in identifying the authenticity of calligraphy and painting. The so-called "orderly circulation" often comes from steles, collected seals and some descriptions (such as Shiqu Baodi, Jiangcun summer resort, etc.).
The acquisition of celebrity calligraphy and painting in terms of pen, flank, hiding, exposure, reversal, SF, etc. The strokes include square and round, slow motion, combination of hardness and softness, health and charm, and so on. For ink color, depth, dry and wet are different. Even some painters and painters specialize in painting a certain ink color. When purchasing celebrity calligraphy and painting, such as landscape painting, Li Keran likes to use Ganlong Royal ink to pursue the special effects of black with purple and shining in purple. The individual style of calligraphers and painters is specific and unique, and the unique personality is expressed by unique pen, ink and rules. No matter how others imitate, it is difficult to be completely consistent, and no one can be excluded from children. Many calligraphy and painting fakes can only be similar in shape but not in spirit, which is an example of personal style that is difficult to copy. Of course, it is not easy to fully grasp a calligrapher's personal style, because personal style is driven by many factors, has a certain process of formation and development, and is dynamic and rich. Every painter's brushwork, calligraphy, artistic conception, thoughts and feelings will change in early, middle and later years, and even the royalties will be different before and after. Qi Baishi's landscape creation is mainly in the early stage, and the number handed down from generation to generation is very small. His meticulous grass insects are only made between the ages of 40-60, and most of them are freehand flowers and birds in his later years. These complex situations tell us that to master the painter's personal style, we need to understand the whole process. The key lies in the familiarity with the painter's personal style, just like some of our relatives and friends, from appearance, figure to temperament, to special preferences, to thoughts and emotions. The deeper we understand, the greater we grasp until someone can hear and know.
Knowing false and knowing false
In order to avoid detours, absorb previous experience and fully understand the main forgery methods of previous dynasties, we must choose the right place and find out the reasons in the process of identifying forgeries.
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